Chat GPT could make these professions obsolete: “The wolf is at the door”

Artificial intelligence is here, and it’s coming for your work.

The tool’s capabilities are so promising that Microsoft – amid the layoff of 10,000 people – announced a “multi-billion dollar, multi-year investment” in this groundbreaking technology, which is getting smarter by the day.

And the rise of machines is leaving many well-paid workers vulnerable, experts warn.

“AI is replacing white-collar workers. I don’t think anyone can stop that,” said Pengcheng Shi, associate dean of the Department of Computing and Information Science at Rochester Institute of Technology.

“It’s not crying wolf,” Shi told the Post. “The wolf is at the door.”

From the financial sector to healthcare to publishing, a number of industries are currently vulnerable, Shi said. But as AI continues its mind-blowing advances, he argues that humans will learn to harness the technology.

AI is already impacting multiple industries, professors warn.
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Already, AI is disrupting some areas, especially after the release of ChatGPT, a surprisingly smart chat bot released in November and free to the public.

Earlier this month, it emerged that mainstream publication CNET had been using AI to generate stories since late last year – a practice put on hold after a backlash on social media. Academia was recently rocked by the news that ChatGPT scored higher than many humans in an MBA exam administered at Penn’s elite Wharton School. After Darren Hick, a philosophy professor at Furman University in South Carolina, caught a student cheating with the hugely popular tool, he told the Post that the discovery left him feeling “abject terror. “for what the future might entail.

Hick and many others are right to be concerned, said Chinmay Hegde, an associate professor of computer science and electrical engineering at New York University.

“Some jobs in industries like journalism, higher education, graphics and software design are likely to be complemented by AI,” said Hegde, who calls ChatGPT in its current state “very, very good, but not perfect”.

For now, anyway.

Here’s a look at some of the jobs most vulnerable to fast-paced and ever-changing learning technology.

Education


Professors and teachers, in theory, could be replaced by AI courses, experts say.
Professors and teachers could be replaced by AI courses, experts say.
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As it stands, ChatGPT — currently banned in New York schools — “can already easily teach,” Shi said. The tool would likely be most effective at the middle or high school level, he added, because those courses reinforce skills already established in elementary school.

“Although it has bugs and inaccuracies in terms of knowledge, it can be easily improved. Basically, you just need to train the ChatGPT,” Shi continued.

As for higher education, Shi and Hegde argue that university courses will need a human leader for the foreseeable future, but the NYU professor admitted that in theory, AI could teach unsupervised.

Meanwhile, educators see their roles transformed almost overnight. It has already become difficult to adapt teaching and testing methods in order to keep up with the increasingly talented ChatGPT, which Shi believes can successfully complete the courses of an advanced student at the level of mastery.

Ph.D. candidates hoping for a shortcut are likely out of luck — creating an independent thesis on an area not often or not thoroughly studied is beyond the capabilities of AI at the moment, he said.

Finance


An AI like ChatGPT could take over spreadsheet-style jobs in finance, experts warn.
An AI like ChatGPT could support spreadsheet-like jobs in finance, experts warn.
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Wall Street could see many jobs cut in the coming years as bots like ChatGPT continue to improve, Shi told the Post.

“I really think [it will impact] the commercial side, but even [at] an investment bank, people [are] hired out of college and spend two, three years working like robots and doing Excel modeling – you can have the AI ​​do that,” he explained. “Much, much faster.”

Shi is certain, however, that crucial financial and economic decisions will likely always be left in human hands, even if the spec sheets are not.

Software engineering


Relatively simple software design jobs are under threat from ChatGPT and other AIs.
Relatively simple software design jobs are at risk.
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Web designers and engineers responsible for relatively simple coding risk becoming obsolete, warns Hegde.

“I worry about these people. Now I can just ask ChatGPT to generate a website for me – any type of person whose routine work would do that for me is no longer necessary.

Essentially, AI can write the code — tailored to a user’s request and parameters — to create sites and other computing elements.

The days of relatively simple software design work will be a thing of the past by 2026 or earlier, Shi said.

“Over time, probably today or in the next three, five, 10 years, these software engineers, if their job is to know how to code…I don’t think they’ll be widely needed,” Shi said.

Journalism


AI is already making its way into newsrooms.
AI is already making its way into newsrooms.
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The technology got off to a rocky start in the newsgathering sector – recent attempts by CNET (and subsequent corrections to its computer-generated stories) were preceded by the Guardian, which asked GPT software to write an article in 2020 – with mixed results.

Still, there is work for which the technology is already highly qualified, according to Hegde.

“Copy editing is definitely something he does a very good job at. Summarizing, making a concise article and things of that nature, it certainly does a really good job,” he said, noting that ChatGPT is great at designing your own titles.

A major shortcoming — the salvation for journalists and copy editors, at least for now — is the tool’s inability to effectively check facts, he added.

“You can ask him to provide an essay, produce a story with quotes, but more often than not the quotes are just made up,” Hegde continued. “This is a known ChatGPT failure and honestly we don’t know how to fix it.”

Graphic design


Graphic design jobs also face the potential obsolescence of AI.
Graphic design jobs are also at risk of becoming obsolete thanks to AI.
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In 2021, ChatGPT developer OpenAI released another tool, DALL-E, which can generate custom images from user-generated prompts on command. Along with lookalikes such as Craiyon, Stable Diffusion and Midjourney, the tool poses a threat to many in the graphic and creative design industries, according to Hegde.

“Before, we asked a photographer or we asked a graphic designer to make an image [for websites]. It’s something very, very likely automated using technology similar to ChatGPT,” he continued.

Shi recently commissioned DALL-E to do a Cubist portrait of rabbits for Lunar New Year, which he says is “simply amazing.” However, as he captured the hard-line style of painting derived from Picasso, Shi noticed that he was not successful with more nuanced techniques – exposing a current shortcoming in technology.

“I also asked him to do Matisse. It wasn’t as good,” he added.

Copyright issues are also generated by image-based AI. Getty Images recently announced a lawsuit against Stability AI – the parent company of Stable Diffusion – claiming that the program “illegally copied and processed millions of copyrighted images”.

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